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OWL, FOX, DONKEY, SHEEP:
POLITICAL SKILLS FOR MANAGERS

 

Simon Baddeley and Kim James. Institute of Local Government Studies,
University of Birmingham, 1987.

 

Political Skills for Managers is a descriptive model that explains people’s political
behaviour within an organisation so that it can be better understood and
responded to. The model assigns an individual’s political behaviour as Owl, Fox,
Donkey or Sheep according to their internal and external focus.

External Focus: How much do they know the ‘ins’ and ‘outs’ of organisational politics?

Internal Focus: How are they personally motivated to play the political game?

Further Resources

This paper by the Office of Public Management helps to explain the characteristics shown by each of the different skills sets.

Owl, Fox, Donkey, Sheep

Connected themes

Connected theories